VAT Rates in Europe

The following table shows the VAT rates in the EU member states at January 1st 2011:

Member States Code Reduced Rate * Standard Rate
Belgium BE 6 / 12 21
Bulgaria BG 7 20
Czech Republic CZ 10 20
Denmark DK - 25
Germany DE 7 19
Estonia EE 9 20
Greece EL 6,5/13 23
Spain ES 8 18
France FR 5,5 19,6
Ireland IE 13,5 21
Italy ** IT 10 20
Cyprus CY 5 / 8 15
Latvia LV 12 22
Lithuania LT 5 / 9 21
Luxembourg LU 6 / 12 15
Hungary HU 5 / 18 25
Malta MT 5 18
Netherlands NL 6 19
Austria AT 10 20
Poland PL 5 / 8 23
Portugal PT 6 / 13 23
Romania RO 5 / 9 24
Slovenia SI 8,5 20
Slovakia SK 10 20
Finland FI 9 / 13 23
Sweden SE 6 / 12 25
United Kingdom UK 5 20

* Most EU members have reduced VAT rates for products and services that are considered essential (e.g. food, public transportation, health care services, publishing, heating etc).

** The Italian Ministry of Economy has approved an increase in the VAT rate from 20% to 21%, effective from September 17, 2011. This emergency decree aims to cut the Italian deficit and balance the budget by 2013.

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